Voltage, represented by the symbol V and measured in volts (V), is the potential difference between two points in a circuit. It represents the force that pushes electrical charges (electrons) through a conductor, creating an electric current. Voltage can be thought of as the driving factor behind the flow of electrical charge.

Current, represented by the symbol I and measured in amperes (A), is the flow of electrical charge in a circuit. It indicates the rate at which charge (typically electrons) passes through a specific point in the circuit. Current can be compared to the flow of water in a pipe, where the voltage acts as the pressure and the current represents the volume of water flowing.

Power, represented by the symbol P and measured in watts (W), is the rate at which work is done or energy is consumed or produced in an electrical circuit. It is the product of voltage and current (P = V * I). Power can be understood as the amount of electrical energy transferred or converted per unit of time.

Circuit analysis involves applying fundamental laws and principles, such as Ohm’s Law and Kirchhoff’s Laws, to analyze the relationship between voltage, current, and power in a circuit. By manipulating these parameters and understanding their interplay, engineers can design circuits with desired characteristics and troubleshoot existing circuits.

Voltage, current, and power play vital roles in circuit analysis:

Voltage determines the behavior of electrical components and influences the flow of current through the circuit.

Current provides information about the amount of charge flowing through a circuit and enables the evaluation of component performance and the calculation of power consumption.

Power analysis helps in understanding the efficiency, performance, and energy requirements of electrical systems.